Psalm 19:13 - Presumptuous, Willful, Deliberate Sin.

Psa.19:13; Presumptuous, Willful, Deliberate Sin.

Psa 19:13 (KJV)  Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous 
sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and 
I shall be innocent from the great transgression. 

Psa 19:13 (NIV)  Keep your servant also from willful sins; may 
they not rule over me. Then will I be blameless, innocent of great 

Psa 19:13 (NAB)  But from willful sins keep your servant; let 
them never control me. Then shall I be blameless, innocent of grave 

Psa 19:13 (NJB)  And from pride preserve your servant, never let 
it be my master. So shall I be above reproach, free from grave 

Psa 19:13 (NLT)  Keep me from deliberate sins! Don't let them 
control me. Then I will be free of guilt and innocent of great sin. 

Psa 19:13 (CWR)  Keep me from being stubborn and from willfully 
sinning against You. Only You can free me from the controlling power of 
sin and help me live an innocent life. 

Those sins done knowingly and deliberately. [New Bible Companion]

These are the sins committed when we know that we are doing 
wrong. [SDA Commentary] 

PRIDE Undue confidence in and attention to one's own skills, 
accomplishments, state, possessions, or position..... Many 
biblical words describe 
 this concept, each with its own emphasis. Some of the synonyms for 
pride include arrogance, presumption, conceit, self-satisfaction, 
boasting, and high-mindedness. It is the opposite of humility, the proper 
attitude one should have in relation to God. Pride is rebellion against 
God because it attributes to self the honor and glory due to God 
alone. Proud persons do not think it necessary to ask forgiveness 
because they do not admit their sinful condition. This attitude toward 
God finds expression in one's attitude toward others, often causing 
people to have a low estimate of the ability and worth of others and 
therefore to treat them with either contempt or cruelty. Some have 
considered pride to be the root and essence of sin. Others consider it to 
be sin in its final form. Gerald Cowen [Holman's Bible Dictionary] 

Having prayed that his sins of infirmity might be pardoned, he 
(David) prays that presumptuous sins might be prevented, v. 13.... the 
great transgression;" so he calls a presumptuous sin, because no 
sacrifice was accepted for it, .... Presumptuous sins are 
very heinous and dangerous. those that sin against the habitual 
convictions and actual admonitions of their consciences, in contempt and 
defiance of the law and its sanctions, that sin with a high hand, sin 
presumptuously, and it is a great transgression.... We have 
great need to pray to 
 God, when we are pushing forward towards a presumptuous sin. (Matthew 
Henry's Commentary) 

Sins committed not through frailty or surprise, but those which 
are the offspring of thought, purpose, and deliberation. Sins 
against judgment, light, and conscience.... Let me never be brought into a 
habit of sinning. He who sins presumptuously will soon be hardened 
through the deceitfulness of sin....  the great transgression-- (Adam 
Clarke Commentary) 

He does not say, Cleanse me from presumptuous sins, but keep me 
back from them. These were not sins to which he was readily prone, 
but he felt that the "errors" and "secret faults," if not checked 
and `cleansed, ' would lead on to the "presumptuous" or deliberate 
sins, from which he therefore prays to be `kept back. '... "great 
transgression" is the climax of the "presumptuous sins"  [pesha`  
(heb 6588)]-- namely, entire falling away from God; `rebellion' (as 
the Hebrew is translated, ), apostasy. (Jamieson, 
Fausset, and Brown Commentary) 

He prayed that he would be forgiven for hidden faults and 
preserved from sinning willfully. For sins committed in ignorance, the Law 
provided atonement; but for willful sins, sins committed with a high 
hand, there was no ceremonial prescription, though forgiveness was 
still available if the person repented and confessed (cf. Ps. 51). 
[Bible Knowledge Commentary] 

David asks not only to be cleansed of secret faults, but to be 
restrained from running head-long into open sin. "Watch and pray, that you 
enter not into temptation." This kind of wicked abandonment to sin 
leads to slavery, and sin becomes the master of the life. Romans 6 
tells us that sin should not have dominion over us. Of course, it is 
by allowing the Word of God to control our lives that we get 
victory over sin. By "great transgression" in v. 13, the psalmist seems 
to mean a "sin unto death" or a repeated rebellion against God that 
brings forth His wrath. [Wiersbe Expository Outlines] 

The prevailing thought is that of pride, and the reference is 
particularly to sins which proceed from self-confidence; from reliance on 
one's own strength. The word does not mean open sins, or flagrant 
sins, so much as those which spring from self-reliance or pride. The 
prayer is substantially that he might have a proper distrust of 
himself, and might not be left by an improper reliance on his own power 
to the commission of sin.... Let me not become the slave of sin; so 
subject to it that it shall domineer over me. (Barnes' Notes) 

Such was the prayer of the "man after God's own heart." Did holy 
David need to pray thus? How needful, then, must such a prayer be for 
us babes in grace! It is as if he said, "Keep me back, or I shall 
rush headlong over the precipice of sin." Our evil nature, like an 
ill-tempered horse, is apt to run away. May the grace of God put the bridle 
upon it, and hold it in, that it rush not into mischief. What might 
not the best of us do if it were not for the checks which the Lord 
sets upon us both in providence and in grace! The psalmist's prayer 
is directed against the worst form of sin--that which is done with 
deliberation and wilfulness. Even the holiest need to be "kept back" from the 
vilest transgressions. It is a solemn thing to find the apostle Paul 
warning saints against the most loathsome sins. "Mortify therefore your 
members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate 
affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry." What! 
do saints want warning against such sins as these? Yes, they do. 
The whitest robes, unless their purity be preserved by divine grace, 
will be defiled by the blackest spots. Experienced Christian, boast 
not in your experience; you will trip yet if you look away from him 
who is able to keep you from falling. Ye whose love is fervent, 
whose faith is constant, whose hopes are bright, say not, "We shall 
never sin," but rather cry, "Lead us not into temptation." There is 
enough tinder in the heart of the best of men to light a fire that 
shall burn to the lowest hell, unless God shall quench the sparks as 
they fall. Who would have dreamed that righteous Lot could be found 
drunken, and committing uncleanness? Hazael said, "Is thy servant a dog, 
that he should do this thing?" and we are very apt to use the same 
self-righteous question. May infinite wisdom cure us of the madness of 
self-confidence. Charles H. Spurgeon, Morning and Evening, 

When you rise in the morning, do you feel your helplessness and 
your need of strength from God? and do you humbly, heartily make 
known your wants to your heavenly Father? If so, angels mark your 
prayers, and if these prayers have not gone forth out of feigned lips, 
when you are in danger of unconsciously doing wrong and exerting an 
influence which will lead others to do wrong, your guardian angel will be 
by your side, prompting you to a better course, choosing your words 
for you, and influencing your actions. 
If you feel in no danger, and if you offer no prayer for help 
and strength to resist temptations, you will be sure to go astray; 
your neglect of duty will be marked in the book of God in heaven, and 
you will be found wanting in the trying day.  3T363,4 

When the light is received and acted upon, you will be crucified 
to sin, being dead indeed unto the world, but alive to God. Your 
idols will be abandoned, and your example will be on the side of 
self-denial rather than that of self-indulgence. 5T435,6 

Satan is ever at work to keep out of our minds the doctrine of 
the cross of Christ; for this is the counter-influence through which 
sin is to be vanquished and man be brought back to his allegiance to 
the law of God. RH09-29-91 

We are to influence one another for good, keeping the Lord ever 
before us, RH09-29-91 

The prayer of v. 14 ought to be on our lips and in our hearts 
all day long. The meditation of the heart controls the words of the 
mouth (Mark 7:14-23). The word "meditation" here has the image of a 
musician plucking the strings of a harp. Who controls the music of your 
heart, God or Satan? Meditation is to the heart what digestion is to 
the body; it is the taking in of the Word of God and making it a 
part of the inner being. As the heart and mind think on the Word all 
day long, the Spirit guides the life. This is what it means to walk 
in the Spirit (Gal. 5:16) and to have the spiritual mind (Rom. 
8:1-8).... ask God to enable you to love the Word, live in it, and obey 
it--and He will bless you. [Wiersbe Expository Outlines] 


God did not create evil, He only made the good, which was like 
Himself. But Satan would not be content to know the will of God and do 
it. His curiosity was on the stretch to know that which God had not 
designed he should know. Evil, sin, and death were not created by God; 
they are the result of disobedience, which originated in Satan. But 
the knowledge of evil now in the world was brought in through the 
cunning of Satan. These are very hard and expensive lessons; but men 
will learn them, and many will never be convinced that it is bliss to 
be ignorant of a certain kind of knowledge, which arises from 
unsatisfied desires and unholy aims. The sons and daughters of Adam are 
fully as inquisitive and presumptuous as was Eve in seeking forbidden 
knowledge. They gain an experience, a knowledge, which God never designed 
they should have, and the result will be, as it was to our first 
parents, the loss of their Eden home. When will human beings learn that 
which is demonstrated so thoroughly before them? 5T503,4 

There is a spurious knowledge, the knowledge of evil and sin, 
which has been brought into the world by the cunning of Satan. The 
pursuit of this knowledge is prompted by unsanctified desires, unholy 
aims. Its lessons are dearly bought, but many will not be convinced 
that they are better left unlearned. The sons and daughters of Adam 
are fully as inquisitive and presumptuous as was Eve. They venture, 
contrary to the will of God, to gain knowledge which results, as did 
Eve's, in the loss of Eden. 20MR40 


Provoked by the unbelief of the children of Israel, Moses 
uttered a hasty, presumptuous speech; and the Lord told him that he had 
dishonored His name, and that he could not lead the children of Israel into 
the promised land. Moses repented, and the Lord forgive him; 
nevertheless, he must bear his punishment. My brother, the Lord would have you 
learn from Moses' experience... BCL63 


But their (Eli's sons) sins were so interwoven with their 
ministration as priests of the Most High, in offering sacrifice for sin, the 
work of God was so profaned and dishonored before the people, that no 
expiation could be accepted for them. Their own father, though himself 
high priest, dared not make intercession in their behalf; he could 
not shield them from the wrath of a holy God. Of all sinners, those 
are most guilty who cast contempt upon the means that Heaven has 
provided for man's redemption--who "crucify to themselves the Son of God 
afresh, and put Him to an open shame." Hebrews 6:6. PP580  

Here it appears that Eli's sons had allowed sinful ways to 
become a part of their everyday life and had even perhaps committed the 
unpardonable sin. 


Because of Saul's sin in his presumptuous offering, the Lord 
would not give him the honor of vanquishing the Philistines. Jonathan, 
the king's son, a man who feared the Lord, was chosen as the 
instrument to deliver Israel. PP623 


Balaam "loved the wages of unrighteousness." 2 Peter 2:15. The 
sin of covetousness, which God declares to be idolatry, had made him 
a timeserver, and through this one fault Satan gained entire 
control of him. It was this that caused his ruin. The tempter is ever 
presenting worldly gain and honor to entice men from the service of God. He 
tells them it is their overconscientiousness that keeps them from 
prosperity. Thus many are induced to venture out of the path of strict 
integrity. One wrong step makes the next easier, and they become more and 
more presumptuous. They will do and dare most terrible things when 
once they have given themselves to the control of avarice and a 
desire for power. Many flatter themselves that they can depart from 
strict integrity for a time, for the sake of some worldly advantage, 
and that having gained their object, they can change their course 
when they please. Such are entangling themselves in the snare of 
Satan, and it is seldom that they escape. PP439-440 


The sin that resulted so disastrously to Uzziah was one of 
presumption. In violation of a plain command of Jehovah, that none but the 
descendants of Aaron should officiate as priests, the king entered the 
sanctuary "to burn incense upon the altar.".... Uzziah remained a leper--a 
living example of the folly of departing from a plain "Thus saith the 
Lord." Neither his exalted position nor his long life of service could 
be pleaded as an excuse for the presumptuous sin by which he marred 
the closing years of his reign, and brought upon himself the 
judgment of Heaven. PK304 


The commission of any known sin, the neglect of the duties of 
life at home or abroad, will destroy faith and disconnect the soul 
from God. Sin is a heinous and offensive thing. It is highly 
offensive to God. There is a sad history in the life of Peter, which 
should be a lesson to all. He had been warned by his Master of 
approaching danger, but, self-confident and presumptuous, he affirmed a 
constant fidelity and zeal superior to the other disciples and declared 
himself willing to follow his Master to prison and to death. The test 
came for Peter when the storm of opposition came upon the followers 
in the humiliation of their Master. Mournful words traced by the 
pen of inspiration, "They all forsook Him and fled." And Peter, the 
ardent, self-confident, zealous Peter, repeatedly denied his Lord. He 
afterwards bitterly repented, but this example should admonish all to 
beware of self-confidence and self-righteousness. 12MR289  


The magician trembled with fear as his sin was presented before 
him in this vivid manner. He began to perceive his own wicked 
audacity, and entreated Peter to pray that the wrath of God might not come 
upon him for his presumptuous sin. Peter had, with startling force, 
shown Simon that he was yet untouched by the grace of God; for if his 
mind had been thus enlightened, he would have known that the sacred 
power of the Holy Spirit could not be bought or sold for money. 
Christ, at the infinite price of himself, had obtained for his people 
the power of the Holy Spirit, to be given only to his chosen 
instruments, whose lives must be free from selfishness and sin. 3SP303