Psalm 139:1-6 - Awesome Attributes of God! Part One - OMNISCIENCE

Psalm 139:1-6: Awesome Attributes of God! Part One - OMNISCIENCE

Psalm 139:1-6 (CWR) O Lord, you have searched my heart and know 
me inside and out. 2 You know when I sit down and when I rise; you 
discern my thoughts before I think them. 3 You walk beside me all day 
long, and when I lie down at night, you're there. You know everything 
I do and say. 4 There's not a word that comes from my mouth, O 
Lord, that you don't know beforehand. 5 You are behind me, in front of 
me and all around me wherever I go. You have touched me and drawn 
me close to you. 6 I can't comprehend such knowledge. It's so 
wonderful that no matter how hard I try to understand, I can't grasp it 


A. The omniscience of the Lord (139:1-6)
B. The omnipresence of the Lord (139:7-12)
C. The omnipotence of the Lord (139:13-18)
D. The Holiness of God / The loyalty of David (139:19-24). 
[Bible Knowledge Commentary and Ryrie SB] 


This psalm contains the clearest expression of the attributes 
and character of God to be found in the Psalter. One could hardly 
describe the omniscience and omnipresence of God more effectively. 
[Believers SB] 

This poem describes the attributes of the Lord not as abstract 
qualities, but as active qualities by which He relates Himself to His 
people. [Nelson SB] 

From the standpoint of OT theology, this is the climax of 
thought in the Psalter on Gods personal relationship to the 
individual. The psalmist does not engage in abstract philosophy or 
speculative meditation; he merely describes his humble walk with God and 
shares his experiental knowledge of the Lord. [Wycliffe Bible 

Gods omniscience, omnipresence, and omnipotence are the 
subjects of Davids meditations in this beautiful psalm. His first 
meditation is on Gods knowledge, that every aspect of his life was 
searched out and controlled by what the Lord knew. He then realized it 
was impossible to escape from such omniscient control, no matter how 
far or fast he might go, for God is everywhere. David then stated 
that God has such control over him because in His power He created 
Him secretly and planned his life with great care. On the basis of 
these meditations, David then affirmed his loyalty to God and prayed 
for God to prove him by examining him. [Bible Knowledge Commentary] 

This psalm focuses on four great attributes of God: His 
knowledge of all things (vv. 1-6), His presence everywhere (vv. 7-12), His 
power in the formation of man (vv. 13-18), and His holiness, which 
destroys evil men and searches the believer's heart (vv. 19-24). [Ryrie 

David meditates on the omniscience (139:1-6), omnipresence (vv. 
7-12), and omnipotence (vv. 13-18) of God. He then applies these truths 
to the wicked, whom he calls on God to slay (vv. 19-22), and to 
himself, whom he calls on God to examine and to lead (vv. 23-24). [Victor 
Bible Readers Companion] 


Vs. 2 The two opposites of sitting and rising represent all his 
actions (this is a figure of speech known as a merism). [Bible Knowledge 

Vs. 3 The opposites of going out in the morning and lying down 
at night represent the whole days activities (another merism). 
[Bible Knowledge Commentary] 

Vs. 4 There is not a word in my tongue: thou knowest all my 
words before they are uttered, as thou knowest all my thoughts while 
as yet they are unformed. (Adam Clarke Commentary) 

Vs. 5 Beset behind and before: God knows all the past and 
future: (Adam Clarke Commentary) 

Vs. 5 Laid thine hand upon me: This is the body language of 
blessing [Jamieson, Fausset, And Brown Commentary] 


David here lays down this great doctrine, That the God with whom 
we have to do has a perfect knowledge of us, (Matthew Henry's 

Vs. 1 Thou understandest my thought: A most solemn reflection! 
How unwilling would bad people be - would even good people be - to 
have those round about them know always "what they are thinking." 
(Barnes' Notes) 

Vs. 5 Why did God hem David in? Though today we use this to 
express a feeling of confinement or restricted freedom, David meant just 
the opposite. When God hemmed David in, David was grateful for God's 
close contact. Wherever he turned, he found God. As a result, David 
was both comforted and awe-struck by God's care and protection (v. 
6). [Quest SB] 

Vs. 5 The Psalmist rejoiced in a three-fold security.  God beset 
him behind (past) and before (future) and had His hand upon him 
(present).  [Lockyer's Prayers of the Bible]  

Amazing Knowledge and Love
   A really close friend can help you identity and overcome 
weaknesses, identity and use your strengths, and make other important 
changes. The help you get from someone who knows you well - yet still 
accepts you - can make more difference than a hundred self-help books.  
   Psalm 139 is a celebration, from first verse to last, of a 
close friend - God. He knows us better than our closest confidant, 
even better than we know ourselves. As you read this psalm, celebrate 
with the writer God's great knowledge and love.  
   God knows everything about us, even down to the number of 
hairs on our heads (see Matthew 10:30). He knows what we do as well as 
what we are. He even knows what we think about (Psalm 139:1-5). 
Should we expect anything less from our Creator (139:13-14)?  
   Sometimes we don't let people get to know us because we are 
afraid they will discover something about us that they won't like. Or 
we try to pull back from them because we fear that they've already 
found something distasteful and will reject us. That cannot happen 
with God. He knows us completely, and still he accepts and loves us. 
   When you fear (or actually face) rejection from others - 
whether coworkers, neighbors, friends, or even family members - remember 
that God made you and has already accepted you, exactly as you are.  
[The One Year Through the Bible Devotional by Dave Veerman re Psalm 

Fullness " Only in God
   The subject of God's knowledge must be linked to His wisdom, 
and it is this aspect of the divine nature that we consider now. 
What does the Bible mean when it describes God as wise? Wisdom is the 
ability to use knowledge to the best possible ends. This ability is 
found in its fullness only in God. God is never other than wise in 
everything He does. Knowledge without wisdom would be pathetic, a broken 
reed. Wisdom without knowledge would be inoperative and quite 
frightening. God's boundless knowledge and wisdom are perfect in every way, 
and it is this that makes Him utterly worthy of our trust.  
   One of the great difficulties we have in the Christian life 
is trusting the divine wisdom. We can recognize wisdom only when we 
see the end to which it is moving. Yet God often calls us to trust 
Him when we can't see the end that He is pursuing. And then in such 
times we have to ask ourselves: "How much do I trust Him?"  
   Before I began speaking to a Christian youth group once, I 
asked if someone could offer a definition of God's wisdom. One young 
man said: "God's wisdom is the ability to get us through scrapes and 
difficulties without getting hurt." I gave the young man full marks for 
attempting a definition, but I had to show him that this was not what 
divine wisdom is all about. The goal behind divine wisdom is not to 
make us happy but to make us holy. And sometimes pursuing that goal 
may involve us in considerable pain.  
   Father, here I am again - at the road less traveled. Help me 
tread the road ahead knowing that whatever pain You allow me to feel 
is for my good. I do not welcome it, but I do not run from it 
either, as long as You stay with me. Amen. [Every Day With Jesus Bible 
with Selwyn Hughes devotional re Rom. 16:27] 


We need a high view of our God. He is absolutely sovereign.  No 
one can change his mind or make Him do what He is not pleased to do. 
 And so He tells His creatures, there is no god beside Him.  It 
is God that ultimately brings both life and death.  Sometimes we 
are tempted to think that the adversary, the devil, is a sort of 
equivalent to God, but evil.  This is not true.  The devil is evil, but he 
is no comparison to God.  There is nothing to compare God to, 
because He is absolutely unique.  He has told His creation how life 
works. We have it all in our owner's manual, the Bible.  Just as a rock 
will never float in the air on earth, so too, if we obey God we are 
blessed, and if we disobey, we suffer the consequences. Absolutely. Do 
not demean God when things get difficult, by thinking He is not in 
complete control.  He is God, and there is no one beside Him, and He will 
accomplish His will.  [In His Time Walk With Wisdom] 

   Child, don't try to understand Me.  Just love Me.  Just let 
Me love you.  You don't have to understand Me to open yourself to 
My love. 
   You're right - I do ride the wild winds into town sometimes.  
I do appear in forms you have never seen, sound notes you have 
never heard.  This makes you wonder if I get My signals crossed, if I 
take you south in order to get you north.  I seem to have plopped you 
down, reasonable creature that you are, into an unreasonable world.  
You do not understand all this because I am God and you are you. 
   May I remind you how different we really are?  You are human; 
I am divine.  You are finite; I am infinite.  You need love; I 
delight in love but do not need it.  You need to be understood; I am 
above the need to be understood.  You cannot understand; I understand 
perfectly.  You are of time; I am of eternity.  You are of reason; I am 
above reason.  You are blown by the wind; I blow the wind.  Ruth 
Senter [Time with God devotional SB] 

Lord, thank you for knowing me and for continuing to love me 
anyway. [Life Recovery Devotional SB] 


   I am all around you, hovering over you even as you seek My 
Face. I am nearer than you dare believe, closer than the air you 
breathe. If My children could only recognize My Presence, they would 
never feel lonely again. I know every thought before you think it, 
every word before you speak it. My Presence impinges on your innermost 
being. Can you see the absurdity of trying to hide anything from Me? 
You can easily deceive other people, and even yourself, but I read 
you like an open, large-print book.  
   Deep within themselves, most people have some awareness of My 
imminent Presence. Many people run from Me and vehemently deny My 
existence because My closeness terrifies them. But My own children have 
nothing to fear, for I have cleansed them by My blood and clothed them 
in My righteousness. Be blessed by My intimate nearness. Since I 
live in you, let Me also live through you, shining My Light into the 
darkness. (Psalm 139:1-4; Ephesians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 5: 21) [Jesus 
Calling by Sarah Young] 

   I have searched you and known you. I am intimately acquainted 
with all your ways. Even before there is a word on your tongue, I 
know it all. Beloved, you are indeed fully known! I have complete 
knowledge of everything about you - including your most secret thoughts 
and feelings. This transparency could be terrifying for you if you 
were not My follower. But you have nothing to fear because My perfect 
righteousness has been credited to you through your faith in Me. You're a 
cherished member of My family! 
   My intimate relationship with you is a powerful antidote to 
feelings of loneliness. Whenever you feel alone or afraid, voice your 
prayers to Me. I hear your silent prayers too, but whispering your words 
or uttering them out loud helps you think more clearly. Because I 
understand you perfectly, you don't have to explain things to Me. You can 
dive right in, seeking My help in your "here and now' circumstances. 
Spend a few moments relaxing with Me - breathing in the Joy of My 
Presence. (Psa. 139:1-4; 1Co. 13:12; Rom. 3:22; Psa. 21:6) [Jesus Always 
by Sarah Young] 

   Come to Me for understanding, since I know you far better 
than you know yourself. I comprehend you in all your complexity; no 
detail of your life is hidden from Me. I view you through eyes of 
grace, so don't be afraid of My intimate awareness. Allow the Light of 
My healing Presence to shine into the deepest recesses of your 
being - cleansing, healing, refreshing, and renewing you. Trust Me 
enough to accept the full forgiveness that I offer you continually. 
This great gift, which cost Me My Life, is yours for all eternity. 
Forgiveness is at the very core of My abiding Presence. I will never leave 
you or forsake you. 
   When no one else seems to understand you, simply draw closer 
to Me. Rejoice in the One who understands you completely and loves 
you perfectly. As I fill you with My Love, you become a reservoir of 
love, overflowing into the lives of other people. (Psa. 139:1-4; 2Co. 
1:21-22; Jos. 1:5) [Jesus Calling by Sarah Young] 

   Let My love seep into the inner recesses of your being. Do 
not close off any part of yourself from Me. I know you inside and 
out, so do not try to present a "cleaned-up" self to Me. Wounds that 
you shut away from the Light of My Love will fester and become 
wormy. Secret sins that you "hide" from Me can split off and develop 
lives of their own, controlling you without your realizing it.  
   Open yourself fully to My transforming Presence. Let My 
brilliant Love-Light search out and destroy hidden fears. This process 
requires time alone with Me, as My Love soaks into your innermost being. 
Enjoy My perfect Love, which expels every trace of fear. (Psa. 
139:1-4, 23, 24; 1Jo. 4:18) [Jesus Calling by Sarah Young] 


There is comfort in the fact that God can never be taken by 
surprise. [Daily Walk Bible] 

All believers who come to understand the attributes of God 
discussed in this psalm find them a great source of comfort, and a great 
prompting to obey Him. [Bible Knowledge Commentary] 

Study God's word prayerfully. That word presents before you, in 
the law of God and the life of Christ, the great principles of 
holiness, without which "no man shall see the Lord." Hebrews 12:14. It 
convinces of sin; it plainly reveals the way of salvation. Give heed to it 
as the voice of God speaking to your soul.  {SC 35.2} 

Don't you know that the Lord our God is the everlasting One? 
Haven't you heard that He always was and always will be? He's the 
Creator of the universe! He never gets tired. He never gets weary. His 
understanding has no limits. Isa 40:28 (CWR)  


He Holds My Hand by Pastor Ivan Blake: 


Most Important Decision in Life: 

A Man without Equal by Bill Bright: 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NiVa7UoruIo [old, but one of the best] 

Importance of Choice: 
http://creationhealth.com/CREATION-Health/Choice [click on video]  

Seeking God Made Real: http://vimeo.com/31489782

Prayer Made Real: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tc8VdMV26VE

Musical Devotional On Christian Living: 

Medical Seminar on Healthful Living by David DeRose, MD, MPH: 


Lifting Up Jesus Bible Studies: http://www.liftingupjesus.net/

Amazing Facts Bible Studies: 

Discover Bible Studies: http://studies.itiswritten.com/discover/

Glow Tract Video Bible Studies: http://www.bibleresearch.info/

ABible.com: http://www.aBible.com


The Last Day of Prophecy by Pastor Doug Batchelor: 

Restoring The Power by John Bradshaw: 

Prophecies Decoded by Pastor Ron Clouzet: 

Last Day Prophecy: His Other Sheep by Pastor Gerald Babanezhad: